What is Wedding?
In Latin CASAMENTUM, which derives from home, which in turn means housing.
Marriage is a bond between two people through a legal contract, where they live together.
Marriage or wedding is a bond established between two people, through legal, cultural, religious or social recognition and that presupposes an interpersonal relationship of intimacy, whose archetypal representation is cohabitation, although it can be seen by many as a contract. A solemn act usually marks it.
People marry for various reasons, but they usually do so to give visibility to their caring relationship, to seek economic and social stability, to form a family, to procreate and educate their children, to legitimise the sexual relationship or to obtain rights as a nationality.
A marriage is often initiated by the celebration of a wedding, which can be officialised by a religious minister (priest, rabbi, pastor), by a civil registry officer or by an individual who enjoys the trust of the two persons who wish to unite. In law, persons who are part of marriage are called “spouses”. The term is neutral and may refer to men and women, without distinction between the sexes.
The so-called “civil marriage” is the act of union of two persons under Civil Law. In this case, in some countries, such as Australia, for example, the civil union may consist of people of both sexes.
But already in the religious field, marriage is an act exclusively intended for heterosexual couples (a man and a woman), and this condition is described in the sacred Christian Bible.
For Christianity, marriage is interpreted as the union of a man and a woman under the presence of God. In this context, unlike civil marriages that can be dissolved upon divorce, the Church does not allow the dissolution of marriage, except in sporadic cases.
It is worth noting that each culture and religion has particular characteristics and distinct meanings of marriage. In some beliefs, for example, marriage may be polygamous, that is, the union of a man with two or more women.
In a religious marriage, especially that based on the Christian faith, the covenant is one of the most important symbols of this union, because it represents the physical and spiritual connection between the two persons who have married.
Steps to marriage
Before marriage, the couple goes through some stages, the first of which is courting, considered the best phase of the relationship, is a period of knowledge, where both know each other’s defects and qualities, and from this initial relationship, will define whether they will be able to live together in marriage.
The next step, after a period of courting, is the engagement, at this stage, the couple is decided to continue together and from then on begins to plan a life for two. At the engagement, there is an exchange of alliances that will later be used in the wedding. The word Alliance comes from the Latin word Alligare which means together or united. It represents a strong and lasting union.
Marriage in the Religious Sense
In addition to the whole context of religious ceremony, religious marriage has a special meaning. God as the originator of marriage, constituted this union as sacred, where the couple united in marriage becomes one flesh, that is, they must live together as if they were one. In a way, when the bride and groom take the wedding vows to the words “till death do you part” they gain strength and a unique meaning: What God has joined together, let not man part!
There is a wide variety, depending on cultural factors, in the social rules governing the selection of a partner for marriage. The choice of partners can be an individual decision by the partners themselves or a collective decision by their relatives.
In many societies, the choice of partner is limited to people from specific social groups. In some groups, the rule is that a partner is selected within the group of the individual who wishes to marry. This is the case for many class and caste-based societies. In other cultures, however, a partner must be chosen within a group other than the group to which it belongs. This is the case of many societies that practice totemic religions, in which community is divided into several totemic exogamous clans, like most Australian Aboriginal societies.
In other societies, a person should marry the cousin: a woman should marry the son of her father’s sister, and a man should marry the daughter of her mother’s brother – this is usually the case in a society that has a rule of “tracing” kinship exclusively through patrilineal or matrilineal descent groups, as among the Akan people of Africa.
Another type of marriage selection is levirato, in which widows are forced to marry their husband’s brother. This type of marriage is mainly found in societies where kinship is based on groups of inbreeding clans.
In other cultures with less strict rules governing the groups within which a partner may be chosen, the selection of a marriage partner may require a process in which the couple must go through a court or the marriage may be arranged by the couple’s parents or by an outsider, a matchmaker.
Formal family or political group procedures facilitate an arranged marriage. A responsible authority organises or encourages marriage; they can also hire a professional agent to find a suitable partner for a single person.
The role of authority can be exercised by parents, family, a religious officer or a group consensus. In some cases, the authority may choose a pair for purposes other than marital harmony.
In some societies, from Central Asia to the Caucasus and Africa, there is still the custom of kidnapping the bride, where a man and his friends capture a woman.
Sometimes that includes an escape, but sometimes it depends on sexual violence. In earlier times, kidnapping was a large-scale version of the bride’s abduction, with groups of women being captured by groups of men, sometimes in war.
The most famous example is the Kidnapping of Sabinas, which provided the first wives to the citizens of Rome.
In some countries, such as China and India, there is the practice of “buying the bride”, which becomes the property of the spouse, which may occasionally be resold by him. The practice is illegal in many countries.
Child marriage is a marriage in which minors are given in marriage – often before puberty. Child marriages are common in many parts of the world, especially in parts of Asia and Africa. These marriages are often forced.
The United Nations states that child marriages are most common in Niger, Chad, Central African Republic, Bangladesh, Guinea, Mozambique, Mali, Burkina Faso, South Sudan and Malawi.
In rural Indian villages, child marriage is still practised, with parents sometimes arranging the wedding, sometimes even before the child is born. This practice became illegal after the enactment of the Child Marriage Restriction Law of 1929.
Our society creates various statements to classify the different types of marital relationships that exist.
The most common ones are:
Open (or liberal) marriage – where spouses are allowed to have other sexual partners by mutual consent
white or celibate marriage – no sexual intercourse
arranged marriage – celebrated before the affective involvement of the contracting parties and usually arranged by third parties (parents, siblings, clan chief, etc.).
civil marriage – celebrated under the principles of the legislation
Morganatic marriage – between two persons of different social strata in which the spouse of a position considered inferior does not receive the rights generally granted by law (e.g. between a member of a royal family and a woman of the low aristocracy).
putative marriage – contracted in good faith but liable to be annulled on legal grounds
religious marriage – celebrated before a religious authority
polygamous marriage – performed between a man and several women (the term is also used colloquially for any situation of union between multiple people)
Polyandric wedding – performed between a woman and several men. It occurs, for example, in certain parts of the Himalayas.
Marriage for convenience – which is performed primarily for economic or social reasons.
Avuncular marriage – It is called avuncular marriage what is celebrated between uncle and niece, which are collaterals of the third degree.
After the wedding
On your wedding day, you will sign three marriage certificates. Each certificate must be signed by you, your celebrant and two witnesses. Your celebrant will give you one of the certificates as a record of your marriage and must register your wedding with the registration of births, deaths and marriages in the state or territory that occurred the ceremony within fourteen days.
The certificate issued by the registry of births, deaths and marriages is required for many official purposes. You can get a copy from this link http://www.australia.gov.au/information-and-services/family-and-community/births-deaths-and-marriages-registries.
You do not need to be an Australian citizen or a permanent resident of Australia to marry here legally. You can find marriage visa information on the Department of Immigration and Border Protection website if you expect to live in Australia after your marriage.
Same-sex marriage is the official union between two persons of the same biological sex or gender identity. The introduction of same-sex marriage has varied in each jurisdiction as a result of legislative changes to matrimonial laws, judgments based on constitutional guarantees of equality, or a combination of the two. In some countries, allowing same-sex couples to marry has replaced the previous system of civil unions or registered partnerships.